Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1898 - April 30, 1945) is probably best known for his hatred of the Jewish people and his quest to destroy them . He was an Austrian who took over the Nazi party and later became President and Chancellor of Germany. He launched an anti-Semitic dictatorship in Europe with the Nazi party called Nazi Germany. He holds much of the responsibility for World War II and the Holocaust. He committed suicide when his bunker was under attack.

Hitler fought in the First World War as a corporal and received the Iron Cross First Class. When the war was over Hitler, blamed Germany's defeat on the Jews. He then joined the German Workers' Party (precursor of the Nazi party) in 1919 and later became its leader. In the early 1920s, after a failed plan to take over the German government, he was sent to prison. Upon his release Hitler gained popular support by attacking the Treaty of Versailles and promoting Pan-Germanism, antisemitism and anti-communism with charismatic oratory. After his appointment as chancellor in 1933, he transformed the Weimar Republic into the Third Reich, a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideology of Nazism.

Adolf Hitler planned to unite all the German speaking people of Europe under a single nation. For that reason, he annexed his home country of Austria and invaded Czechoslovakia, home to a large ethnic German population. He assured the leaders of Britain and France that he would not invade any more countries. When he invaded Poland in September 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany.

Hitler committed suicide in his bunker beneath Berlin on April 30, 1945, while the city was under attack by the army of the Soviet Union.

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