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Mishnah

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The Mishnah is one of the first collections of rabbinical commentary on the Tanakh. It is a collection of explanations and interpretations of the sacred texts. It was codified in about the year 200 CE. Together the Mishnah and the Gemara (codified about 300 years later) form the Talmud.

Alternative spelling: Mishna, Hebrew: משנה

The six orders [of the Mishnah] are:

  • Zeraim ("Seeds"), dealing with prayer and blessings, tithes and agricultural laws (11 tractates)
  • Moed ("Festival"), pertaining to the laws of the Sabbath and the Festivals (12 tractates)
  • Nashim ("Women"), concerning marriage and divorce, some forms of oaths and the laws of the nazirite (7 tractates)
  • Nezikin ("Damages"), dealing with civil and criminal law, the functioning of the courts and oaths (10 tractates)
  • Kodashim ("Holy things"), regarding sacrificial rites, the Temple, and the dietary laws (11 tractates) and
  • Tohorot ("Purities"), pertaining to the laws of purity and impurity, including the impurity of the dead, the laws of food purity and bodily purity (12 tractates).

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