The Jewish holiday of Purim, also known as the festival of Lots, celebrates Queen Esther's actions to foil Haman's plan to have all the Jews killed. It is celebrated on the 14th day of the Hebrew month Adar (late Febuary or March).
The "flavor" of the holiday is joyous. Children dress up in costumes. Carnivals are common (at least in the US). Other customs include gifts to the poor, drinking wine, and making lots of noise (boo, hiss, bang or razz) whenever Haman's name is mentioned.
King Achashversoch (Ahashuerus) took over Persian empire... married Esther, a Jew, who found out that one of the King's advisors, Haman, had proposed a plan to kill all the Jews. ... Esther pointed out to the King that if the plan was put into law, it would mean her death too. The King changed his mind, and Haman was put to death instead of all the Jews under his rule.
Purim is on the 14th of Adar. That will coincide with the evening of February 28 and the day of March 1 in 2018 and with the evening of March 20 and the day of March 21 in 2019.
- Hamantasch (plural: hamantaschen)
- gragger (noise maker)
- Megillah], the scroll with the book of Esther